State Laws Can Limit the Duration of NFA Gun Trusts Sooner Than You Think

State Laws Can Limit the Duration of NFA Gun Trusts Sooner Than You Think

10 April 2017

JAC 5758 2People obviously focus on federal law when obtaining suppressors, short barrel rifles, machine guns, etc., because these firearms are regulated by a federal agency (BATFE) under the National Firearms Act (NFA). State law is usually ignored except to confirm NFA firearms are legal to possess in a given jurisdiction. Unfortunately, people often overlook the importance of state law concerning the duration of their NFA trust. What's worse is that most gun trusts are designed to terminate regardless of whether state law would allow a trust to continue.

Why worry about the duration of a trust? ATF issued a written statement last year when they announced their new ‘41F’ rules for NFA Firearms. They confirmed that if a "trust remains a valid trust after the death of the grantor, the trustee would continue to administer the trust property according to the terms of the trust as there would be no transfer under the NFA."

Thus, if state law and the design of your trust allow it to continue beyond your lifetime, your successors and beneficiaries could simply keep your trust with its existing NFA tax stamps without the need to transfer your trust's NFA firearms. Otherwise, since 41F took effect, they'd have to complete transfer paperwork and provide fingerprints and photographs, that is, if they are even aware of such issues.

The maximum duration of a trust widely varies based on state law. Some states follow the often misunderstood ‘rule against perpetuities.’ Many states' set a specific number of years as the maximum duration of a trust, like 90 years (Georgia), 150 (Washington), or 500 (Arizona) years. A Virginia trust may continue in perpetuity, but only if it's written with specific language.

There are many options for changing the governing law of a trust to another state, but that won’t help extend the duration of a trust if it is designed to terminate sooner than required by law. As mentioned, many gun trusts, particularly the DIY versions, are designed to end following the death of the trust's creator, regardless of whether state law would allow a trust to continue. Thus, the trust’s successors might unnecessarily be forced to complete all the ATF paperwork, including fingerprints and photographs, to distribute and transfer the trust’s NFA firearms. 

Most gun trusts would provide little or no guidance to your successors about any of these issues, particularly the 41F requirements. Arsenal Attorneys’ Arsenal Gun Trust is written not only to help you, but also to provide your successors important guidance about these firearms regulations and safety issues.

Contact us to discuss how to change your trust’s governing law and design so your successors and beneficiaries can avoid the problems that occur when a trust unnecessarily terminates. Our firm serves nearly every state which allows NFA firearms. Whether you’re an existing client or you obtained a trust elsewhere, we can help.


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Read 1633 times Last modified on Wednesday, 07 February 2018 20:43
Arsenal Attorneys

Arsenal Attorneys is a law firm serving clients in approximately 40 states. We provide criminal defense, business services, estate planning and many other services. Our law firm is renowned for serving gun owners and the firearms industry, and particularly because of our Arsenal Gun Trust™. Our main office is located near the headquarters of the National Rifle Association and of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives in the Washington, DC area. We deliver legal services conveniently for clients near and far, including military personnel overseas. We help clients exercise their rights, protect their loved ones, reduce risks, protect privacy, comply with the law, and succeed in business.





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